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Global EV Outlook

IEA | April 2024

The Global EV Outlook is an annual publication that identifies and discusses recent developments in electric mobility across the globe. It is developed with the support of the members of the Electric Vehicles Initiative (EVI).

Eye on the Market Annual Energy Paper

J.P. Morgan | March 2024

Electravision. The predominant vision for the future involves the electrification of everything, powered by solar, wind, transmission and distributed energy storage. This vision primarily relies upon the greater efficiency of electric motors and heat pumps vs their fossil fuel counterparts. While the grid is getting greener, electrification is advancing at a much slower pace for reasons related to chemistry, physics, cost, politics and human behavior.

World Energy Outlook

IEA | October 2023

This flagship publication of the International Energy Agency is the energy world’s most authoritative source of analysis and projections. Published each year since 1998, its objective data and dispassionate analysis provide critical insights into global energy supply and demand in different scenarios and the implications for energy security, climate change goals and economic development.

International Energy Outlook

IEA | October 2023

The International Energy Outlook 2023 (IEO2023) explores long‐term energy trends across the world through 2050; it includes several cases to capture important drivers of change, the modeled cases represent a set of policy neutral baselines that place emphasis on the current trajectory of the global energy system.

World Energy Investment

IEA | May 2023

The report provides a global benchmark for tracking capital flows in the energy sector and examines how investors are assessing risks and opportunities across all areas of fuel and electricity supply, critical minerals, efficiency, research and development and energy finance.

bp Energy Outlook

bp | July 2023

Energy Outlook 2023 considers the recent disruption to global energy supplies and associated impacts on global prices, and explores how this could affect the energy transition out to 2050.

Annual Energy Outlook

EIA | March 2023

The Annual Energy Outlook 2023 (AEO2023) explores long-term energy trends in the United States. It projects that U.S. energy-related CO2 emissions drop 25% to 38% below the 2005 level by 2030. The AEO includes a series of projections—each with different input assumptions that represent alternative views of how uncertainty may be resolved in the future.

World Energy Transitions Outlook: 1.5°C Pathway

IRENA | June 2023

This first volume of the 2023 Outlook provides an overview of progress by tracking implementation and gaps across all energy sectors, and identifies priority areas and actions based on available technologies that must be realized by 2030 to achieve net zero emissions by mid-century.

World Energy Transitions Outlook: Volume 2

IRENA | November 2023

Volume 2 of IRENA’s World Energy Transitions Outlook 2023, looks at the socio-economic impacts of the energy transition and shows that the world could witness an average annual increase in GDP of 1.5% by 2050 under the 1.5°C pathway compliant with the Paris Agreement, when compared to the Planned Energy Scenario.

International Trade and Green Hydrogen

IRENA | December 2023

This publication, jointly produced by the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) and the World Trade Organization (WTO), explores how trade policies can support the development of green hydrogen. It maps trade-related challenges within the hydrogen supply chain, assesses potential global trade scenarios, and provides concise recommendations for policy makers to scale-up green hydrogen-related markets.

Water for Hydrogen Production

IRENA | December 2023

Providing an in-depth analysis of water withdrawal and consumption intensities across various hydrogen production pathways, this report offers tailored recommendations to guide policy makers and industry towards more water-efficient practices.

Levelized Cost Of Energy+

Lazard | April 2023

An annual detailed analysis by Lazard into the levelized costs of energy from various generation technologies, energy storage technologies and hydrogen production methods.

Global Hydrogen Review

IEA | September 2023

The Global Hydrogen Review is an annual publication by the International Energy Agency that tracks hydrogen production and demand worldwide, as well as progress in critical areas such as infrastructure development, trade, policy, regulation, investments and innovation.

Geopolitics of the Energy Transformation

Geopolitics of the Energy Transformation: The Hydrogen Factor

IRENA | January 2022

This report provides a comprehensive analysis of the geopolitical drivers and potential consequences of the development of clean hydrogen value chains.



The potential role of a hydrogen network in Europe

Joule | June 2023

We study trade-offs between new transmission lines and a hydrogen network in the European energy system with net-zero CO2 emissions.



Carbonomics: The Clean Hydrogen Revolution

Goldman Sachs | Feb 2022

Clean hydrogen has emerged as a critical pillar to any aspiring net zero path, and policy, affordability, and scalability are converging to create unprecedented momentum for the clean hydrogen economy



Global Wind Report

GWEC | March 2023

The definitive status report for the global wind industry. Featuring the latest key statistics, chapters looking at the key challenges facing the sector and explorations of the key emerging markets, GWEC’s Global Wind Report 2023 is the key tool for anyone working to deliver the energy transition.

Quarterly Solar Industry Update

NREL | October 2023

A quarterly presentation of technical trends within the solar industry, to the solar office staff. Each presentation focuses on global and U.S. supply and demand, module and system price, investment trends and business models, and updates on U.S. government programs supporting the solar industry.

Renewables 2023

IEA | Jan 2024

Renewables 2023 is the IEA’s primary analysis on the sector, based on current policies and market developments. It forecasts the deployment of renewable energy technologies in electricity, transport and heat to 2028 while also exploring key challenges to the industry and identifying barriers to faster growth.

Offshore Wind Market Report

U.S. Department of Energy | May 2023

The Offshore Wind Market Report: 2023 Edition provides detailed information on the U.S. and global offshore wind energy industries to inform policymakers, researchers, and analysts about technology, economic, and market trends.

Offshore Wind Energy: Patent Insight Report

IRENA | November 2023

This joint report by the European Patent Office (EPO) and the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) uses patent statistics to explore innovation trends in the offshore wind supply chain, revealing key technological developments in the industry.

Tripling renewable power and doubling energy efficiency by 2030: Crucial steps towards 1.5°C

IRENA | October 2023

This report concludes that a significant acceleration in the deployment of renewable energy, energy storage and renewable fuels, coupled with tangible progress in energy efficiency and electrification of end-use sectors, are required to put the world back on course to meet global climate goals.

Net Zero Roadmap: 2023 Update

IEA | September 2023

2023 update to IEA's Net Zero Roadmap surveys the complex and dynamic energy landscape and sets out an updated pathway to net zero by 2050, taking account of the key developments that have occurred since 2021.

Land-based Wind Energy Report

U.S. Department of Energy | August 2023

The 2023 edition of the Land-Based Wind Market Report provides an overview of developments and trends in the U.S. wind power market for the 2022 calendar year.

Electricity Grids and Secure Energy Transitions

IEA | October 2023

This report offers a first-of-its-kind global stocktake of the world’s grids as they stand now. It assesses signs they are not keeping pace with the new global energy economy that is emerging and the risk of them becoming a bottleneck for efforts to accelerate clean energy transitions and ensure electricity security.

Energy Efficiency 2023

IEA | November 2023

Energy Efficiency 2023 is the IEA’s primary annual analysis on global developments in energy efficiency markets and policy. It explores recent trends in energy intensity, demand and efficiency-related investment, policy and technology.

Electricity Market Report

IEA | Feb 2023

Electricity Market Report 2023 offers a deep analysis of recent policies, trends and market developments. It also provides forecasts through 2025 for electricity demand, supply and CO2 emissions – with a detailed study of the evolving generation mix

Innovation landscape for Smart Electrification

IRENA | June 2023

The report offers pathways to end-use electrification in the areas of power to mobility; power to heat and cooling; and power to hydrogen. These are based on 100 key innovations, categorized within four dimensions: (i) technology and infrastructure; (ii) market design and regulation; (iii) system planning and operation; and (iv) business models.

Examining Supply-Side Options to Achieve 100% Clean Electricity by 2035

NREL | August 2022

An NREL study shows there are multiple pathways to 100% clean electricity by 2035 that would produce significant benefits exceeding the additional power system costs.

Latin America Energy Outlook

IEA | November 2023

This report provides insights on the ways in which the outlook for the Latin America and the Caribbean region and the biggest global energy trends are deeply intertwined – as well as recommendations on policies that could allow the region to take full advantage of its great potential.

Thailand’s Clean Electricity Transition

IEA | August 2023

This report concludes work area one of the joint work programme among the Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand (EGAT), the Ministry of Energy of Thailand and the International Energy Agency (IEA), and has benefited from data and input from the Thai counterparts. The analysis is based on a PLEXOS model of the Thai power system that has been developed by the IEA in cooperation with EGAT.

Roadmap to Net Zero in Indonesia

IEA | September 2022

Indonesia is the world’s fourth-most populous country and is set to become the world’s fourth-largest economy by mid-century. The choices that Indonesia makes now and in the decades to come will have a significant bearing on the world’s energy markets and on international efforts to reach collective climate goals.

Indonesia Energy Transition Outlook

IRENA | October 2022

This report provides a comprehensive, renewables-focused, long-term energy pathway for the transition to a cleaner and more sustainable energy system in Indonesia.

Malaysia Energy Transition Outlook

IRENA | March 2023

The Malaysia energy transition outlook provides a comprehensive, renewables-focused, long-term energy pathway for the transition to a cleaner and more sustainable energy system in Malaysia.

Renewable Energy Roadmap: Nigeria

IRENA | Jan 2023

This report, developed in collaboration with the Energy Commission of Nigeria, analyses the additional renewable energy deployment potential up to the year 2050, with an additional 2030 focus to aid shorter-term policy development.

Clean Energy Transitions in the Greater Horn of Africa

IEA | Oct 2022

This report focuses on the eight countries in the greater Horn of Africa region, here defined as Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan and Uganda. It recommends pathways to accelerate clean energy transitions and analyses energy trends across the region.

Tracking Clean Energy Innovation: Focus on China

IEA | March 2022

This report maps the institutional and policy landscape of clean energy innovation in China and shows trends for selected metrics to track and explain progress of technology development.

Technical Paper: Rare Earth Elements

IRENA | May 2023

This technical paper examines demand and market growth projections for electric vehicles and wind turbines and explores the efficiency of rare earths’ use. It pays special attention to patent activity in magnets around the world. On the supply side, it explores: the outlook for the mining and processing of rare earths; current costs and their implications; and approaches to enhance the security of rare earth elements supply. The paper also delves deeper into the opportunities that innovation can play in reducing dependency on rare earths and discusses related policy implications.

Critical Minerals Market Review

IEA | May 2023

The inaugural edition of the Critical Minerals Market Review provides a major update on the investment, market, technology and policy trends of the critical minerals sector in 2022 and an an initial reading of the emerging picture for 2023.

Mineral Commodity Summaries

U.S. Geological Survey | Jan 2023

The MCS is the earliest comprehensive source of 2022 mineral production data for the world. More than 90 individual minerals and materials are covered by 2-page synopses.

Geopolitics of the Energy Transition: Critical Materials

IRENA | July 2023

This new World Energy Outlook Special Report provides the most comprehensive analysis to date of the complex links between these minerals and the prospects for a secure, rapid transformation of the energy sector.

2023 Commodity Outlook

Goldman Sachs | Dec 2022

Just as commodity markets have been dominated by the dollar in 2022, Goldman Sachs Commodities analysts expect them to be shaped by underinvestment in 2023.

Critical Materials: Geopolitics, Interdependence, and Strategic Competition

Lazard | May 2023

This new World Energy Outlook Special Report provides the most comprehensive analysis to date of the complex links between these minerals and the prospects for a secure, rapid transformation of the energy sector.

Green Metals: Copper is the New Oil

Goldman Sachs | April 2021

The critical role copper will play in achieving the Paris climate goals cannot be overstated.As the most cost-effective conductive material, copper sits at the heart of capturing, storing and transporting these new sources of energy.

CCUS Policies and Business Models

IEA | November 2023

This IEA CCUS Handbook provides governments with a policy toolkit to tackle the overarching challenges to CCUS deployment. It gives an overview of existing policies that have helped launch CCUS projects to date and identifies the main challenges to future large-scale deployment. The handbook also highlights international best practices, drawing on existing and proposed government efforts to address these challenges.

Coal Report 2023

IEA | December 2023

Since its first publication in 2011, the IEA’s annual Coal Report has served as the global benchmark for the medium-term forecast of coal supply, demand and trade. Its analysis also covers costs, prices and mining projects at regional and country level by coal grade.

The Oil and Gas Industry in Net Zero Transitions

IEA | November 2023

This IEA report explores what oil and gas companies can do to accelerate net zero transitions and what this might mean for an industry which currently provides more than half of global energy supply and employs nearly 12 million workers worldwide.

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